Thursday, August 27, 2020

Stranger in the Village Essays

Stranger in the Village Essays Stranger in the Village Paper Stranger in the Village Paper Exposition Topic: The Stranger To begin, this exposition is the direct record of James Baldwin encounters in a minuscule Swiss town 4 hours outside of Milan. Lets start on who James Baldwin will be, Baldwin is an African American male who has as of late left the US to come watch a find out about the connection of prejudice and social orders. Baldwin Is exceptionally pleased with his African American legacy despite the fact that it has become progressively isolated then ever in the early piece of the social equality development. The town is little to the point that is practically obscure as guaranteed by Baldwin, he proceeds to depict is as an ugly own that Is stuck previously; to add on to that the town appear to be exceptionally crude as asserted in this entry In the town there is no film house, no bank, no library, no theater; not very many radios, one Jeep, one station cart; and right now, one typewriter, mine, a creation which the lady nearby to me here had never observed. Baldwin Paragraph 2. Baldwin being an African American male, Is the primary encounters a significant number of the individuals of the little Swiss town have experienced, that being a factor can be on occasion why the town appears to be exceptionally racial towards him, causing the reality he is the first of his sort to step foot into the town. I will proceed to clarify the feelings that Baldwin begins to feel on the bigotry communicated in the paper and the manner in which It addresses a portion of the cutting edge battles that go on. The fourth section you begin to observe the anger developing from a portion of the townspeople activities. With one case being the youngsters considering Baldwin an Anger! this can be contrasted with the social equality development in the 1 asss when racial partition was regular In current US, when racial slurs would be driven at Black Students who didn't mix in with the encompassing. Baldwin gives us that on account of Americans, dark men were looked downward on, and the word Niger was made by Americans who neglected to understand that blacks likewise have rights. This conviction has spread around the world, even Into little towns. Along these lines, high contrast individuals the same will never be equivalent to they used to be, and the world has been everlastingly changed. This is a simple correlation for what Baldwin could have been effectively be feeling directly at that point, in addition to the fact that that is debasing to him, yet additionally his way of life. Baldwin feels unequivocally about his way of life and his foundations that he has originated from. At the point when somebody shows such a solid scorn to another race and it spreads overall it can't be changed over night. Baldwin depends on us a brilliant individual to understand this. To demonstrate another guide to current occasions, the universes see on homosexuality and the corrupting things that are said about them, for example, however not to restrain, tag, homo, gay, fagged. Despite the fact that all through the world homosexuality Is turning out to be increasingly more acknowledged there is continually going to be those spots that can't change their view. Another announcement I need to inspect is that appeared in he fourth passage In the entirety of this, In which It must be yielded there was the appeal of certifiable marvel and In which there were positively no component of Intentional horribleness, there was at this point no proposal that I was human: I was just a living miracle. This is by all accounts the defining moment for Baldwin, you can see that he has I OFF appear to give somewhat slack to ten town Tort not unreasoning. Ana Tanat small are more inquisitive than anything about his various highlights. The following passage we begin to feel a portion of the torment not much but rather it is beginning to turn out to be progressively observable in that Baldwin talks. l realized that they didn't intend to be cruel, and I know it now; it is essential, all things considered, for me to rehash this to myself each time that I leave the chalet as I read this section over to comprehend it all the more altogether. He communicating to himself that it never Just blows over however it harms each time he leaves his lodge, that he should be brought to a similar agony again and again. They additionally wonder why the shade of his skin doesn't focus on them when they contact him and that no electrical stun happens when they contact his wooly hair. The grown-ups fall off in such inconspicuous manner in the manner in which they present their abuse. Later in the section you notice some dissatisfaction that the creator is feeling with the kids a few days he appreciates conversing with the children and afterward different days he Just need to blow directly past them. As we go farther along in the section we tag along to a fascinating reality about around a portion of the towns they purchase African Americans to change over them to Christianity, this is captivating for it is by all accounts in reverse from the standard that you generally here about, with Africans being purchased for just subjugation, however is there additional to this? Baldwin later proceeds to clarify that YES! For somebody to remove you from your unique condition and convert you to an all-new way of life is upsetting. Envision this youre a late asss male growing up to have faith in one lifestyle and to be just taken and to be informed that you have been shown wrong for your entire life. This leads me to another piece of Baldwin experience were he look at the cooperations between a white man visiting a dark town and the other way around with a dark man visiting a white town. He talks on focuses, for example, the dark town being flabbergasted and wondering over the way that the white man is extraordinary. Yet, the way that white men or for this situation white town as put such a great amount of room among him and them is beginning to get hit the center of him. His annoyance towards the white man is currently appearing, that he can't excuse them for what torment they have cause to his precursors. The truth of the matter is that Baldwin is attempting to acknowledge the way that this piece of the world has not yet encountered the racial decent variety that has been communicated in America; the vast majority of the residents have not had the option to leave the foot of the mountain. He proceeds to reason that there will never be an all white world and that we will consistently be section. To help disclose this I need to see one statement from Baldwin, The opportunity has arrived to understand that the interracial show carried on the American landmass has not just made another dark man, it has made another white man, as well. No street whatever will lead Americans back to the straightforwardness of this European town where white men despite everything have the advantage of looking on me as an outsider. Baldwin is expressing that the world is continually changing that we have to begin to adjust to these on going changes. In Biology you find out about the body and its capacity to keep homeostasis, peeping everything offset, this is what is being appear all through the article and our age. The body and the psyche are attempting to adjust to all the changes, however they are coming so quick that a few gatherings can't adjust to such a move in a lifestyle. This would include change the ways on doing all that they have accomplished for a long time before the acquaintance of African American with their little town or even nation like the United States. It nearly looks at to my announcement I called attention to, tout ten religion point. Your not Just addle to change In ten snap AT your Tellers, t removed many years to part from servitude. Everything you can do is endure it. Take a gander at this in this outlook, here I am composing this paper over 50 years after the fact after these experiences with this town in Switzerland; what has change up until this point? Indeed no, we have now become generally a non-isolated society, until you begin looking more into the realities. Lets take a gander at where we are at now SST. Louis, in the city how does the decent variety take a gander at when you go into north of downtown, are we just human a this is all occurrence that this piece of the city is predominately African American. Or on the other hand when we head out east to Staunton, Illinois where there is a solitary African American family. Certainly, there are towns between SST. Louis and Staunton yet that have an even proportion of Blacks Whites however how I see an example going on. As the development of progressively differing society happens it appears that is an examination of oil water. You can place the two in a similar restrain and shake it, the items seem to blend, yet over the long haul Just appear to isolate themselves out. Baldwin perspectives and hypotheses are effectively influencing what is happening in today, not Just in the on going battle in decent variety in the United States. Yet in addition in different nations also, as much as we attempt to estrange ourselves from each other there will consistently be that somebody to blend it up. Everything to do is to attempt to change are ways, and this by following the structure that Baldwin has spread out for us. That is to begin learning the essentials, even the most diminutive of changes matter and that is the thing that it descends. Homeostasis of societies and figuring out how to adjust with our progressing changes, the world over and inside us is the thing that must be finished. This is what is anticipated to me from Baldwin during his exposition; figuring out how to adjust is the initial step.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Je me souviens, Riviere-du-Loup free essay sample

Riviere-du-Loup (RDL), a little town in northeastern Quebec professes to have the second most excellent nightfall after Hawaii. The nightfall was in reality exquisite loaded up with dynamic shading and inviting warmth, however it didn't come close to the magnificence of the individuals I imparted it to. In summer 2010, I burned through 5 magnificent weeks in RDL for a French inundation program called J’explore. I showed up with little desires, yet I returned with cherished encounters that permitted me to develop as a man. RDL was enchanted gratitude to my kindred pioneers. Everybody carried thoughts and attributes extraordinary to what their identity was and where they originated from. Somebody from the western areas like Alberta acquainted us with the informal game of â€Å"muddling† one major gathering in a mud field. Another pleased us with his Newfoundland highlight since he was the main â€Å"Newfie† we have met. As I just returned from a trade in France, I encouraged everybody French slang and was before long named the occupant mentor, a job that I adored on the grounds that I was satisfied to help other people improve. We will compose a custom article test on Je me souviens, Riviere-du-Loup or on the other hand any comparative point explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page A companion disclosed to me that everybody is a clear sheet (like clean slate) and living brings shading. As individuals meet, their pages contact and the hues leak starting with one page then onto the next, making each page much increasingly unique. Without a doubt, my page was flooding with hues since everybody I met made a palette significantly more various than the nightfall. They combined into a hurricane, taking the town, and me, by storm. I felt like the sky, retaining all the hues to make me the best that I’ve at any point been. Through my new companions I found a greater amount of who I needed to be on the grounds that I discovered incredible characteristics in every one of them from which I needed to learn, for example, fusing more workmanship into my life and showing more drive to meet new individuals. In spite of our disparities, by being there all together that late spring, we made characteristics that fortified us more tightly: from playing a game with ridiculous guidelines that we affectionately called â€Å"Mao† to designing words to get around the severe French-just principles. Those five weeks gave me new consolation on what I needed throughout everyday life. The experience established my craving to travel since I understood that I needed to make a lot increasingly comparative rich encounters and connections. I was astonished to locate that through decent variety, individuals consistently figure out how to meet up. Additionally, I found that regardless of where I am, I normally tumble to the job of a guide. It gave me extraordinary joy when somebody utilized a French articulation that I showed her in the right setting. It is a job I am pleased with and might want to keep. The recollections of RDL remind me to stay energetic about new undertakings. The decent variety of individuals I experienced during this experience was educational and luckily, our kinships despite everything stay solid right up 'til today. At the point when I see the shades of dusk, I can see their grins giving a shout out to me.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Helicopter Flight Training

Helicopter Flight Training [by CDT Greg Wellman 09] For the second time in my life, I had the chance to ride in a UH-60 Blackhawk helicopter. My first experience was nothing short of incredible, so I jumped at the opportunity. Before I knew it I was 500 feet above Boston catching a glimpse of the Red Sox practice. Pretty damn cool if I may say so. I was acting as an escort to Dean of Student Life Benedict and Dean of Undergraduate Education Hastings, Distinguished Visitors (DV) for the event. Lieutenant Reyes and I picked up the Deans and drove them to Briggs field where the flight demonstrations were already underway. As we approached the landing zone, the Blackhawks were coming in low over New House. It was an awesome sight; definitely not something that I ever expected to see at MIT. Tagging along with Distinguished Visitors has a number of benefits, to include skipping the long line of students who had signed up to fly. The Deans were given a short safety brief and we were on our way. We were all strapped in by the flight chief and the door was shut. While closed doors dont impede the view, it is truly another experience to fly with them open (as I did on my first flight). As a Blackhawk revs up for takeoff, you can feel the power surge through you. Its fantastically loud the kind of stuff that gets your adrenaline pumping. Its not hard to get caught up in this experience and miss the whole takeoff. I, however, was not going to let myself miss anything. The pilot brought it up slowly off the ground, got level and then let it rip. Strapped in, looking out the window, you get the sensation of flight, like you are a part of the aircraft. It can really feel like you are flying. We came up over Killian court and then crossed the Charles in Beantown. Not many people ever get that view of Boston, which is a shame. We could see everything: the Constitution, Fenway, the Hatch Shell, Fanuiel Hall, the State House, the Commons, the BPL, MIT, everything. After flying around for a bit we came back down over New House and touched down on Briggs field. We unloaded, and I thanked the Deans for coming out. After a few quick pictures (which found their way into The Tech booyah), Deans Benedict and Hastings went on their way. I stuck around to watch the Blackhawks take off a few more times. Post Tagged #ROTC

Monday, May 25, 2020

Womens Roles During Times of War Essay - 1307 Words

Womens Roles During Times of War Despite the prevalence of war goddesses in most traditions from China to Greece to Ireland, women have been separated from the front lines of war for centuries. Western tradition claims that women are not made for war, but for household work: sewing, cleaning, cooking, and looking after children. Society told women to carry brooms in lieu of swords; to collect firewood instead of ammunition, and to keep house rather than protect a nation. Yet, for centuries, women have fought their peoples wars, even if they never lifted a sword or fired a rifle. We rarely hear of these women, though, because they were not on the front line. The AAS Online Exhibitions claims, The term war hero usually refers to†¦show more content†¦Women boycotted other goods and did their best to support their soldiers2. Some women were forced to host British soldiers, known as Red Coats, in their homes3, but they forbore and awaited the end of the war and the return of their husbands and sons as free, independent men. Other Revolutionary War women chose to leave the comforts of their homes behind and join the men at war. It was rare for a woman to take up arms and fight as a soldier, but they did as best they could, given their strict social roles. A prime example of this is Mary Ludwig Hays McCauley, better known as Molly Pitcher. She followed her soldier husband as he fought. Molly Pitcher earned her title at the Battle of Monmouth when she brought water to the fallen soldiers on the field4. Women were so taken with following the soldiers camp that the Women of the American Revolution calls the Camp-Followers one of Washingtons head-aches5. As was traditional during times of war, women took over their husbands roles during the American Revolution. Women learned to manage businesses, schools6, and farms. They boarded enemy soldiers, taught schools, conducted letter writing campaigns7, and enacted political activity. Yet, all of this came to a halt when the Americans won the war and the British retreated. The rights these brave women hadShow MoreRelated Womens Roles During Times of War and Virginia Woolfs Three Guineas2915 Words   |  12 PagesWomens Roles During Times of War and Virginia Woolfs Three Guineas With the prevalence of war goddesses in most traditions from China to Greece to Ireland, women have been separated from the front lines of war for centuries. The goddesses, the divine representations of women in the ideal, are torn between dual roles: that of Minerva, the goddess of wisdom and just war, and that of Vesta, goddess of hearth and home. These two roles, warrior and mother, are not necessarily as very differentRead MoreWomen’s Role in Wwi: Before and After1357 Words   |  6 PagesWorld War I made a colossal impact on all aspects of human life and almost everyone in Europe was affected by this impact to different degrees as a consequence. One group in particular, most often illustrated as a real turning point, largely in enfranchisement and employment, were women. The outbreak of WWI saw a number of unexpected changes take place within the common social strata. These changes were prompted by the fact that a new wave of social-thinking was taking shape and eventually affectedRead MoreWomen During The Centuries Of Women1534 Words   |  7 PagesWomen Throughout the Centuries Women have held essential roles in society for centuries. In the beginning of most civilizations and colonies in the U.S., women were seen as inferiors to men, but over time women slowly gained more rights and became of more importance to society. Women started out as being viewed as subordinate beings who were to be useful by tending to families, the household, and gather and prepare food. Soon, with wars and other conflicts, women took on tasks thought to be â€Å"men’sRead MoreWomen and their Involvement in World War II Essay787 Words   |  4 PagesInvolvement in World War II Women had a huge role in the World War II that so many do not recognize. Women were involved in many different jobs that allowed them to step out of the ordinary norm as the â€Å"typical housewife†, and dive into fierce hardworking jobs that until then only a man could do. Women jumped into the factories and many different roles that contributed to World War II, because the need for more American workers was crucial. A few roles of women prior to the World War I consisted ofRead MoreWomens Roles Prior to World War I1404 Words   |  6 PagesWomens role before World War 1 Prior to the First World War, the jobs men and women held were based primarily on societal constructions of gender: men typically had free choice of their profession and the direction they went hinged largely on their social standing whereas women in the workforce were segregated to work in very specific fields. These fields were largely based on the roles women traditionally held in the home including: housework and textiles. In Great Britain , for example, the majorityRead MoreWorld War I Was A New Kind Of War1290 Words   |  6 PagesWorld War I was a new kind of war. Millions of men were recruited, and millions were killed, wounded, and missing. This changed the lives and roles of each gender, for good and bad. World War I changed the expectations and roles of men at home and on the battlefield. For women, professions, at home and on the frontlines, rights, social behavior, and cultural behavior changed permanently. World War I pressured men into viewing enlistment as a patriotic/nationalistic and masculine right of passageRead MoreEssay on Changing Womens Roles1570 Words   |  7 PagesWomen started to challenge their domestic roles over time by using the war, westward expansion and abolitionist movements and by ultimately taking advantage of the liberties they were given. Because they were proven to be sufficiently skillful in activites during the Revolution and Civil War they were able to expand their roles after the war both socially and also in education. From the time the abolition and temperance movements started in the early 1830s, women, both white and black, startedRead MoreWomen s Role During Wwii1345 Words   |  6 PagesWomen’s Role During WWII 1939-1945 Men were leaving, people were fighting, and many were dying. World War II was one of the hardest times, and during that difficult time, women stepped up their roles and had a huge impact during the war. The women during World II in the United States and in Europe impacted the war by taking different jobs and becoming employed in the workforce, working in the home with normal household responsibilities while supporting the men oversees, and entering into the militaryRead MoreWomen During World War II1731 Words   |  7 PagesThe beginning of World War II saw Australians see war on their shores for the first time, as well as having to travelling overseas to fight another war. It required young men to leave their country to fight, this affected the women who were left behind. World War II started in 1939 and ended in 1945. World War II was a large world conflict. During this world conflict Australia was under the threat of attack for the first time. When the war started there was a lac k of man power on the home front whichRead MoreHow the Two World Wars Altered the Independence of Women1095 Words   |  4 PagesBefore America was involved in the well-known wars of our time, many women were living their lives as oppressed housewives. With the changes that occurred throughout the two world wars, women had the chance to break out of their ordinary lifestyles and prove themselves worthy of something more than the housewife stereotype. Each world war brought on a different opportunity for the women of that time period. Women’s increasing roles during the two world wars were made apparent through their lifestyles

Thursday, May 14, 2020

The Dilemma Of Dido And Aeneas - 1775 Words

Many things can be said about the Aeneid and what all of it means. For me, I only have a few things to say about it all. I only want to explain the tragedy of Juno and her desperate gambit to resist fate. I wish to evaluate on how Dido and Aeneas were two similar leaders, but how Dido was destined to fall due to a difference in interests and why her she killed herself. I seek to discuss on how mankind has always had the madding desire to seek more and how this desire drives us all. I intended to expand upon how humanity can achieve great success, but only when it is willing to sacrifice something of equal magnitude. Lastly, I will show how everything that I mentioned in this paper can be related to our own lives, how the book Aeneid is like an incomplete reflection of humanity’s history. Never displaying the whole picture to its last detail and slightly distorted, but discernible enough to realize that the image of the reflection is without a doubt our own. Juno, the wife of J upiter and the queen of the Roman gods. Juno’s importance to the story comes from the role she had played in the Trojan War, the war that had ended at the beginning of the story and the event that started Aeneas’s journey and the creation of Rome. The tale of the Aeneid portrays Juno as the main antagonist of the story and personifies her as female wrath given divine power. She constantly interferes with Aeneas’s journey to Italy and has tried multiple times to stop his quest through various means.Show MoreRelatedThe Aeneid : The Struggle Of Establishing An Empire1136 Words   |  5 PagesThe Aeneid, the famous epic poem written by Virgil, depicts the struggle of establishing an empire. The beginning of The Aeneid introduces Aeneas, son of the goddess Venus, whose fate is to find a new home in Italy after the fall of Troy. Throughout the perilous journey, Aeneas faces great obstacles as he strives to fulfill his prophecy and gradually transform into the ideal V irgilian hero. To emphasize his growth, I will discuss three themes in this essay: the extent of free will as it relates toRead MoreThe Aeneid is a poem written by the ancient Roman poet Virgil during the height of the Roman900 Words   |  4 Pagesage. The poem highlights the resiliency, bravery, and selflessness of Aeneas, a Trojan hero who leads his people away from Troy and on a journey to eventually found Rome. In the Aeneid, Virgil asserts the importance of one’s commitment to duty, and this assertion reveals that ancient Romans valued and admired one’s commitment to duty above all other character traits. In the beginning of Virgil’s Aeneid, a storm causes Aeneas’ ship to wreck near Carthage, a civilization located on the northern shoreRead More The Roles of Greek and Roman Women Essay1665 Words   |  7 Pagespresents many different people that play roles in the life of Aeneas. From gods and goddesses to mortal men and women, every personality has some precise part to play in Aeneas impersonal fate. Of the many different characters, several are women. In fact, after reading the Aeneid it becomes clear that women play a particularly large role in Aeneas life. From Juno to Venus, and Penelope to Lavinia, women seem to directly affect Aeneas destiny for good or for worse. However, one can also see thatRead MoreGreek And Roman Epic Poetry2910 Words   |  12 Pagesunauthorized aid on this assignment. Caius Mergy According to Virgil’s Aeneid, the Rome of Caesar Augustus proves that the impression that gods exist and care for human beings is â€Å"nothing but a picture† (1.659) . Within the first half of the Aeneid, Aeneas seems to have no understanding of his fate or Rome’s fate. On the one hand, he misinterprets Dido’s frieze and does not comprehend how the line of heroes presented by Anchises relates to the Rome of Caesar Augustus. On the other hand, between booksRead MoreComparing Livy And Aeneas And The Ancient World1871 Words   |  8 Pagesstresses the importance of Livy and Aeneas’ literary works about the pre-history of Rome. Both Livy and Aeneas constructed masterworks of literature that would be read by man for over two millennia. What these two authors composed would shape and construct what it truly meant to be Roman, not only to those living during the era, but to those living in the far future as well. The straight facts about past kings by Livy, and the telling tale of an epic hero named Aeneas by Virgil both portrayed the importanceRead MoreThe Trials Faced By Such Characters As Aeneas905 Words   |  4 PagesHightower 1 Queen Hightower Professor Mitchell World Literature 24 September 2017 Think of the trials faced by such characters as Aeneas (his relationship with Dido) and Arjuna (required to fight friends and family). Compare and contrast how at least two of these protagonists address and/or try to overcome these dilemmas. Arjuna is a Pandeva prince preparing for the battle at Kurukshetra. Krishna, supreme personality on the godhead, agrees to be Arjuna’s charioteer. Arjuna realizes that the people

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

We Learn Culture Through Communication - 978 Words

Culture is not something you’re born with, like blue eyes or black hair; culture is something you learn through communication (O Hair Wiemann, pg.67, 2011). Culture also includes your continued way of thinking, feeling and behaving. Just as we learn culture through communication, we also use communication to express our culture (O Hair Wiemann, pg.68, 2011). As a child I observed all of my mother’s behaviors. From observing my mother I quickly learned three things respect, independence and honesty. Many say I am very independent just as my mother is. Within cultures, there are co-cultures. Co-cultures are groups whose members share at least some of the general culture’s system of thought and behavior, but which have distinct characteristics or group attitudes that both unify them and distinguish them from the general culture. Some co-cultures are defined by interest, activities, opinions, or by membership in particular organizations (O Hair Wiemann, pg.80, 20 11). There are several co-cultures in which I identify. I am an African American woman, student, mother, daughter, sister, Christian, quiet and very outgoing person. I enjoy sports but do not play them. I also enjoy helping others. I value my family, friends and life itself. I may be African American but I associate with others that are white, Puerto Rican, Mexican, Italian and much more. Back in high school I was â€Å"shy† co-cultured but now I am more confident and don’t mind conversation with strangers. All ofShow MoreRelatedCommunication Is A Human Relationship Essay1593 Words   |  7 PagesCommunication is one of the most loosely defined terms in cultural studies. It encompasses a whole variety of experiences, events, actions and multitude happenings. The English world communication has been derived from latin word ‘communis’ which means to make common. In the simplest words, communication is a human relationship involving two or more persons who come to gether to share their views on a particular topic or to resolve a particular issue. The contemporary period has been labeled as theRead MoreThe Issue Of Language Boundaries838 Words   |  4 Pageswhen everybody enter to new culture. Everybody need struggle to communicate what they want to get necessary information regarding new culture. The findings suggest that the language barrier generates negative emotional. There are so many differences like Body languages, eating food, Cloths wearing, communication. This paper describes the most well known and accepted new cultural with international language. These theories consider relations between new people And new culture. Introduction The pointsRead MoreEssay on History Impacts Intercultural Communication632 Words   |  3 PagesImpacts Intercultural Communication †¢ Why would it be important to examine the role of history in Intercultural Communication? When we examine the role of history in Intercultural Communication, we gain an understanding of how our past influences our communication skills with people from other cultures. We need to learn and understand why we communicate the way we do. It can be very helpful in improving our relations with other cultures. Studying the histories of cultures that are different fromRead MoreDifferent Positive And Unique Aspects Of Intercultural Relationships1233 Words   |  5 Pagesof different cultures, ethnicities, gender and etc. It is interesting understanding other peoples beliefs as well as how they have lived there life’s. A positive aspect of intercultural relationships is the difference between the two people. I think it is interesting learning how other people think and how they were brought up. When you are in an intercultural relationship you get to understand how that person feels about certain situations that they have been through. You get to learn who that personRead MoreDifferences Between Cultures And Cultures1009 Words   |  5 PagesIn contemporary society, cultures from our daily lives. People adapt to their own culture and are interested in other cultures which are different from their own. Some people think the best way to learn about diverse cultures and traditions in t he world is by wearing fashions, hairstyles, or body jewelry from other cultures. Obviously, learning about the diverse cultures and traditions just by exterior appearance is a partial way to learn more about different cultures. Instead, better ways to understandRead MoreRelationship Between Language And Culture1678 Words   |  7 PagesLanguage in Culture The relationship between language and culture is as old as mankind itself. Throughout the centuries, people and their living practices have evolved, resulting in wide-reaching changes in socialite culture. According to many individuals around the world, language is one of the epitomes of life, a source of connection to or divorce from the face of public. Anyone who has had to navigate through the plethora tongues around the world knows that the revelations of the Tower of BabelRead MoreService Learning : Teaching And Learning1150 Words   |  5 Pageslearning method that allows students to integrate with the community. It is an idea to learn, experience and improve oneself while interacting with other foreign students. Through this experience, we can acknowledge different perspectives, values and diversities between two countries. For my service learning, I engaged in international events held at KCC, such as International Game Week and International Fair. Through these experiences and obstacles that I encountered along the way, it impacted the wayRead MoreIntercultural Interview1422 Words   |  6 PagesINTRODUCTION TO HUMAN COMMUNICATION Ââ€" SPRING 2007 PROFESSOR CIRAULO INTERCULTURAL INTERVIEW PAPER ASSIGNMENT: Achieving competence as an interpersonal communicator in a diverse society is necessary to your personal and professional success. One way to enhance our understanding of interpersonal communication as a relationship-building activity is to engage in first hand dialogue with people from cultures other than your own. This assignment gives you the opportunity to engage in the dualRead MoreDr Sue Savage Rumbaugh s Language Experiment Essay1531 Words   |  7 Pagesranking of primates. The definition of language can be used to determine the accuracy and validity of linguist, Chomsky’s claim. Language can be verbal as well as physical. It is the way by which we communicate, it is therefore a social tool. Communication is the exchange of information. Types of communication include speech, writing, facial expressions and sign language. In this essay I will particularly focus on Dr Sue Savage-Rumbaugh’s language experiment with Kanzi the bonobo, a relative of th e chimpRead MoreCritical Analysis Of Tuesdays With Morrie1620 Words   |  7 Pagesfrom him. After graduation Mitch became a busy man working many different jobs, while also getting married to his wife Janine. Mitch forgot many of the lessons that Morrie had taught him. During this time Mitch struggled with relationships and communication within his life. Morrie continued to teach at the University, where his life was full of laughter, dancing, eating, and teaching. He was diagnosed with ALS; this is when Morrie started living. He continued teaching, as he knew it was his last great

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Legal Aspects of International Trade and Enterprise ASE

Question: Discuss about theLegal Aspects of International Trade and Enterprisefor ASE. Answer: Overview of Company and Industry Western Australian farmers cooperative was established in 1914 as cooperative for providing services and products to western Australian farmers. The same got listed on ASE in 1984 and took form of a major retail conglomerate. Wesfarmers operate in three industries Chemical, Energy and Fertilizers; Safety into Industrials division and Resources. The main objective of each industry is to recognize the growth in the scale of the group. Capabilities have been presented by all the operations which are group in Chemical in both domestic and international markets. The value of fertilizer industry to Australian economy is of great importance as the value additions provides boost to the agriculture sector. It is continuously growing in accordance with demand of the season. The main issue faced by this industry is that approx 20% of acre cropping industries have been declined along with 2/3 of grazing industries. The same factors have affected the company to a major extent. Wesfarmers resource s are one of the significant export miners, with investment in two-world scale open cut coal mines. It includes Curragh mine in Queens land Bowen Basin and 40% interest in Bengalla mine in Hunter Valley of New South Wales. The company operates in areas such as supermarket; liquor; home improvement; energy and fertilizers; office supplies; hotel and convenience stores and industrial and safety products coal. Coles provides services relating to supermarket and also provide services through online stores through which services are provided all the time with an ease. In 2016 total revenue of $66,216,000,000 was earned including sales and revenue. It has 220000 employees in Australia comprising employees under all the subsidiaries under companys control. The countries in which company operates are Australia, Bangladesh, Ireland, New Zealand and United Kingdom. The headquarter of company is in Australia at 40 The Esplanade Perth, Western Australia. Regular Framework Affecting the Company International Law It can be said as a body of rules and norms for the activities that are carried outside the legal boundaries of a state (Badescu, 2016). Generally three international relationships are governed under this i.e.: Between states and states. Between states and person. Between persons and persons. International tribunals generally are treat municipal law as subservient to international law and make efforts for bringing municipal law in compliance with international norms. In most of the countries customary international law is adopted in accordance with the doctrine of incorporation. In any situation, once municipal courts determine that international law is to be applied to a specific case than the same is treated as a law and not fact. According to the views of Buckley and Casson (2016) MEAs are important environmental standards applicable to multinational corporations and that too are dependent on national laws. In case any MNC fails to apply required law on a local level the same would be liable for state liability and government is having power to impose strong stimulus on polluters. General absence of provisions relating to international environment liability is reflected by assessing the failure in including provision relating to liability for most major multilateral environment agreements between countries. The growth of international environmental law is treated as separate area of public international law from 1970 with Stockholm Conference on the Environment in 1972. The main objective behind the same was to emphasize adequate environmental responsibility on multinational corporations. Therefore, for renouncement from future legal obligation is a precondition for MNCs for ensuring a stable investment environment (Cavusgi and et.al. 2014). OECD The organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development was established in 1961 for providing a platform through which government can work together in order to share experience and resolve the common problems. According to its provisions enterprises should act within the framework of laws, regulations and policies in the countries in which they are operating (Dunning, 2014). For considering the relevant international agreements, objectives and principals companies are required to protect environmental, health and safety of general public for operating activities in order to contribute for a wider goal of sustainable environment. The specific norms which have to be followed by multinational companies are: It is necessary that an enterprise should contribute to environmental, economic and social progress with the object of achieving sustainable development. Encourage development of human capital through providing facilities and opportunities relating to employees (Hamilton and Webster, 2015). Make effort to refrain from discriminatory actions against workers who inform the practices adopted by organisation contravening the applicable law to management or other authorities. Developing plans for preventing, mitigating and controlling serious damage to environmental due to their operations comprising policies for immediate reporting for competent authorities. While addressing decision of the company, the foreseeable environmental, safety and health relating impacts evolved with the procedures and operations of company should be considered during their full life cycle with a view of avoiding them (Hufbauer, Jung, Moran and Vieiro, 2015). Impact of International Law on Wesfarmers Australias anti-dumping provisions have not been used by the company for protection against legitimate import competition. In case the same was being followed by company consumer price as well as business input cost would have increased but as proposal for reverse the onus has been given; the same represent that the importer is obliged to prove that dumping is not occurring. The same also prove that the provisions are not in contrary with the rules of World Trade Organization. Generally, GST of 10% is paid over most of the goods but on the goods which are exported outside Australia; no GST is paid and even the company are having right to claim credit for the GST which have been included in the purchase price of goods and services. The same benefit is availed by the company in case the goods are exported to the other international stores. However, the same benefit is available only if the goods are exported within 60 days. The company has prepared its books of accounts in accordance with Corporation Act 2001, AAS and pronouncements of AASB and International Financial Reporting Standards issues by IASB for complying with the provision of international law (Annual Report. Wesfarmers, 2016). Treaties, Conventions or Agreement Impacted Products and Services of Multinational Companies Existing tax treaties have provided a good measure of protection against double taxation and avoidance of fiscal evasion. The new bilateral tax treaty have been completely amended and revised current existed treaty through which improved integrity measures will be achieved. As per the views of Kaczorowska (2015), it has been specifically revised in areas like updated rules for exchange information relating to taxation and anti-avoidance and particularly limitation of benefits rule. Due to the renegotiated treaty effective outcome will be provided to stake holders and the same would contribute to Australia ageing treaty network. Corporate Tax A company is resident in Australia for the purpose of income tax purpose in following cases: Incorporated in Australia. Control management from Australia and carries on business in Australia or in other country An Australia corporate has to pay 30% general corporate tax for its worldwide assessable income (Lloyd, 2014). Taxation of Foreign Arrangements These are the measures which specify the manner in which foreign exchange gain and loss are evaluated and provide details relating to strict timing rules for ascertaining when foreign exchange gains and losses are to be recognised for the purpose of tax purpose (Mingst and Arregun, 2013). Environmental Law: State and Territories are mostly responsible for regulation and management of natural resources, pollution, and land used and developed State and Territories are mostly responsible for regulation and management of natural resources, pollution, land used and developed and cultural heritage. The authorities are having power for investigation and remediation of contaminated sites. According to Picciotto (2017), even severe penalties and compensations are imposed on the organisations, directors and employees for pollution as well as contamination offences. Provisions are also available for organizations which have made attempt to destruct native fauna and native vegetation as the same is prohibited on private land. Regulation of subdivisions relating to commercial industries, building construction and other areas are available in State legislation and the same is compulsory to be followed by all the corporations including MNCs. Other Provisions Enterprise should not contribute to adverse affect on matters covered by OECD guidelines; through their own activities and in case any such impact occurs, it should be addressed appropriately (Radebaugh, 2014). An effort should be made by organisations for mitigating negative impact which is directly related to operation, services and products provided by organisation or through business relationships (Roberts and et.al. 2016). As per the views of Subedi (2016), it is necessary that organisation ensure appropriate information disclosure relating to material matters relating to structure, financial position, ownership and governance. The information should be provided in accordance with the nature, size location and by considering business confidentiality and other competitive concerns. Impact of these Conventions and Policies on Product and Services of company Wesfarmers have contributed and promoted international best practices and principles relating to competition policy provided in Business Council of Australia. The purpose of competition law is to protect competition for the benefit of customer. The company is a diverse group of companies which thrive on competition, thus the same support those competitive policies and not protect the business from competition (SUSTAINABILITY REPORT. Wesfarmers, 2016). Ethical sourcing audit program has been adopted by the company for the purpose of mitigating risk relating to unethical practices occurring in procedure followed for goods and services provided by it. Bunnings material ethical sourcing is relating to acquiring sustainable timber and wood products (Submission from Wesfarmers to Competition Policy Review Issue Paper, 2014). It has been made sure that all the products are confirmed as originated from low risk sources comprising plantation, verified legal or certified responsible source for est. All the timber products have been sourced from independently verified forest. The same are verified from Forest Stewardship Council and PEFC. The criterion which is being adopted by Boards assessment of independence for ascertaining materiality of facts is in regard with ASX principals. The same is being applied in correspondence with Australia Accounting Standards and International corporate governance standard. The main focus is made by the company on sustainability in ethical sourcing and the same is done through increasing transparency of products across the supply chain of product whether domestic or international. The company is aware regarding the importance of environment and the critical efforts which are being made for reducing the greenhouse gas emissions. Some of the business is actively evolved in managing contaminated sites and the company indulge the remediation of those contaminated sites which were owned by Wesfarmers. Management appropriately monitors compliance with the risk management system and processes on a continuous basis for assessing the effectiveness in the system. The Coles Farm program is made available for the customers and suppliers so that it can improve accessibility and monitor environmental operations and support best- practices relating to farming. The company has adopted policies for reducing environmental impact for due to the store system of organisation though energy efficiency initiatives, waste diversion. The environmental responsibilities are appropriately understood by the office works. The same is operated beyond the products are being dispatched from the stores by continuing the circular economy by performing recycling programs. It can be accessed through analysing the increase in no. of printer cartridges from fifty thousand to approximately ninety eight thousand. Improvement has also been done by the management in energy efficiency by rollout of LED lighting in additional forty stores. Continuous improvement programs have been upgraded for reducing the overall impact of operations on the environment. Preference has been given to hundred percent recycled content which assures that wood products are used to the minimum extent. For reducing the impact of organisation on environment investment is done in the resources so that energy consumption can be reduced. Efforts are made to increase in the volume of waste recycled in the stores and even customers are encouraged to recycle to t he maximum extent. All the conventions and provision relating to environment has been followed by the company and the same has been appropriately reported in the sustainability report. References Books and Journal Badescu, V.S., 2016. European Business Law Challenges in the Global Economy. Knowledge Horizons. Economics, 8(1),P.164. Buckley, P.J. and Casson, M., 2016. The future of the multinational enterprise. Springer. Cavusgil S.T. and et.al. 2014. International business. Pearson Australia. Dunning, J.H., 2014. The Globalization of Business (Routledge Revivals): The Challenge of the 1990s. Routledge. Hamilton, L. and Webster, P., 2015. The international business environment. Oxford University Press, USA. Hufbauer, G.C., Jung, E., Moran, T. and Vieiro, M., 2015. The OECD's' Action Plan'to Raise Taxes on Multinational Corporations. Kaczorowska-Ireland, A., 2015. Public international law. Routledge. Lloyd, I., 2014. Information technology law. Oxford University Press, USA. Mingst, K.A. and Arregun-Toft, I.M., 2013. Essentials of International Relations: Sixth International Student Edition. WW Norton Company. Picciotto, S. 2017. Taxing multinational enterprises as unitary firms. Radebaugh, L.H., 2014. Environmental factors influencing the development of accounting objectives, standards and practices in Peru. The international Journal of Accounting Education and Research. Urbana, 11(1). Pp.39-56. Roberts, P., Sykes, H. and Granger, R. eds., 2016. Urban regeneration. Sage. Subedi, S.P., 2016. International investment law: reconciling policy and principle. Bloomsbury Publishing. Online Annual Report. Wesfarmers. 2016. [PDF]. Available through https://www.wesfarmers.com.au/docs/default-source/reports/2016-annual-report.pdf. [Accessed on 27th April 2017] SUSTAINABILITY REPORT. Wesfarmers. 2016. [PDF] Available through https://sustainability.wesfarmers.com.au/media/1835/edited-extract-of-wesfarmers-2016-sustainability-report.pdf. [Accessed on 27th April 2017] Submission from Wesfarmers to Competition Policy Review Issue Paper. 2014. [PDF]. Available throughttps://competitionpolicyreview.gov.au/files/2014/06/Wesfarmers_Limited. . [Accessed on 27th April 2017]